When it comes to traditional Indian ethnic wear, Rajasthan is famous all over the world for its beautiful handicrafts that include multiple textile printing styles, tie-and-dye techniques and different kinds of thread works. Each style has carved a niche of its own and together, these traditional designs continue to influence and inspire the contemporary fashion trends.
Here are some of the most famous Rajasthani textile works:-
Sanganeri Block Printing
The village of Sanganer, near Jaipur, remains famous for its fine block-cutting and printing techniques. The place is also well-known for its block-print patterns, including floral designs, geometric shapes and religious figures, on an off-white or pastel backgrounds.
Bagru Block Printing
Bagru printing is one of the local traditional techniques that include printing with natural colour followed by the chippas of a remote place in Rajasthan.
Dabu Block Printing
The dabu printing is done on top of the dyed fabric to create further layers of resist which are the, dyed in the darker shades of the colour used.
Embroidery is, quite simply, the craft of making decorative designs on fabric with special types of threads and needles. Apart from threads, embroidery can also be done using materials like beads, mirrors and metal pieces, to create better and more intricate designs.
Zardozi is a Persian word that means ‘sewing with gold string’. Zar means gold and Dozi means embroidery.
When it comes to embroidery and mirror work, Jaisalmer is the epicenter of all such craftworks in Rajasthan. One of the most famous embroidery techniques of Rajasthan is Pattu which includes tiny pieces of mirror being sewn into the fabric that together, gives off a sparkling effect.
TIE AND DYE
The tie and dye techniques used in Rajasthan are counted among the oldest traditions of the state which continues to remain in use.
A popular tie-and-dye pattern is Bandhej or Bandhini which comprises of designs that are floral as well as geometric, on a dark background that is usually in the shades of brown, black, green or blue. Some of the most used motifs in Bandhej technique are- Dungar Shahi (the mountain pattern), Chaubasi (in groups of four), Boond (a small dot with a dark centre) and Laddu Jalebi (the swirling pattern)
Leheriya technique of tie and die creates patterns that resemble waves and ripples that run diagonally on the cloth. Usually, two colours are chosen which are alternately coloured to resemble waves. Traditionally, only red and yellow were used but now, many new popular colour combinations have come up, such as blue and pink, black and pink, etc.